What is the connection between "Get yourselves a new heart and a new spirit!" (Ezekiel 18) and "A new heart I will give you and a new spirit I will put within you" (Ezekiel 36)? The author explores the radical theocentricity of the Ezekiel tradition (with its characteristic formula "You will know that I am Yahweh") and finds here the key to the tensions of the book. A special concern of this study is to challenge the widely held view that Ezekiel is the prophet of individual responsibility. A close exegesis demonstrates that EzekielÆs overriding emphasis is on the responsibility of the House of Israel as a collective unit.